Bourgeois was influenced heavily by the Surrealist Movement; looking to defy its heavily masculine approach.
Some of the Artists from this movement are: Max Ernst (above painting), Yves Tanguy, Joan Miró, Marcel Duchamp and André Breton.
There was also a very strong Feminist Surrealist tradition that followed which Bourgeois continued. Leonora Carrington (painting below) was one of the most celebrated artists from this group.
It is also crucial to note Borugeois’ heavy influence from Marcel Duchamp (Installation of “First Papers of Surrealism” below) individually. She did once say “Marcel Duchamp could have been my father” (1988).
(Below, Duchamp’s Étant Donnés at the Philadelphia Museum of Art)
Bourgeois was also influenced by and an in turn influenced contemporaries like Eva Hesse who delved into feminism and experimented with Installation (Sculpture below).